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王安 | 保障资源安全 助力双碳目标
发布日期:2021-07-12 作者:王安 信息来源:中咨研究 访问次数: 字号:[ ]

保障资源安全 助力双碳目标

——《“十四五”循环经济发展规划》解读

JINRI,JINGGUOWUYUANTONGYI,GUOJIAFAZHANGAIGEWEIYINFALE《“SHISIWU”XUNHUANJINGJIFAZHANGUIHUA》(FAGAIHUANZI﹝2021﹞969HAO,YIXIAJIANCHENG《GUIHUA》),QUANMIANBUSHULEJINHOUYIDUANSHIQIWOGUOXUNHUANJINGJIFAZHANDEZONGTISILU、ZHUYAORENWU、ZHONGDIANGONGCHENGXINGDONGHEBAOZHANGCUOSHI,ZHIMINGLE“SHISIWU”XUNHUANJINGJIFAZHANLUJING,DUIYUTUIJINXUNHUANJINGJIFAZHAN,GOUJIANLVSEDITANXUNHUANDEJINGJITIXI,ZHULISHIXIANTANDAFENG、TANZHONGHEMUBIAOYIYIZHONGDA。

一、准确把握新发展阶段推进循环经济发展的重大意义

DANGDESHIJIUJIEWUZHONGQUANHUITICHU,QUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUI、SHIXIANDIYIGEBAINIANFENDOUMUBIAOZHIHOU,WOMENYAOCHENGSHIERSHANGKAIQIQUANMIANJIANSHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAGUOJIAXINZHENGCHENG、XIANGDIERGEBAINIANFENDOUMUBIAOJINJUN,ZHEIBIAOZHIZHEWOGUOJINRULEYIGEXINFAZHANJIEDUAN。FAZHANXUNHUANJINGJISHIWOGUOZHANGQIJIANCHIDEYIXIANGZHONGDAZHANLVE,CONGXINFAZHANJIEDUANWOGUOZIYUANHUANJINGLINGYUMIANLINDENEIWAIBUHUANJINGLAIKAN,TUIJINXUNHUANJINGJIFAZHAN、JIAQIANGZIYUANJIEYUEJIYUELIYONGDEBIYAOXINGBUJINMEIYOUJIANGDI,FANERBIYIWANGRENHESHIQIDOUYAOGENGJIAPOQIE,QIDUITUIJINLVSEFAZHAN,BAOZHANGGUOJIAZIYUANANQUAN,SHIXIANTANDAFENG、TANZHONGHEMUBIAOLAISHUODOUYOUSHIFENZHONGDADEYIYI。

FAZHANXUNHUANJINGJISHITUIJINLVSEFAZHANDEZHONGYAOTUJING。ZIYUANHUANJINGWENTI,SHUODAODISHIFAZHANFANGSHIWENTI,GENBENGAISHANSHENGTAIHUANJINGZHUANGKUANG,BIXUGAIBIANGUODUOYILAIZENGJIAWUZHIZIYUANXIAOHAO、GUODUOYILAIGUIMOCUFANGKUOZHANG、GUODUOYILAIGAONENGHAOGAOPAIFANGCHANYEDEFAZHANMOSHI。ERXUNHUANJINGJISHIYIZHONGYIZIYUANDEGAOXIAOHEXUNHUANLIYONGWEIHEXIN,YI“JIANLIANGHUA、ZAILIYONG、ZIYUANHUA”WEIYUANZE,YIDIXIAOHAO、DIPAIFANG、GAOXIAOLVWEIJIBENTEZHENG,FUHEKECHIXUFAZHANLINIANDEJINGJIZENGZHANGMOSHI,SHIDUI“DALIANGSHENGCHAN、DALIANGXIAOFEI、DALIANGFEIQI”DECHUANTONGZENGZHANGMOSHIDEGENBENBIANGE。DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,WOGUOJIANGLVSEFAZHANZUOWEIXINFAZHANLINIANZHIYI,FAZHANFANGSHIGAIBIANZHIDA、CHENGXIAOZHIDAQIANSUOWEIYOU。DANZONGTISHANGKAN,WOGUOJINGJIFAZHANRENGXIANCUFANG,NENGYUANZIYUANLIYONGXIAOLVBUGAO,LVSEFAZHANRENGRANCHUYUPAPOGUOKANDEFUZHONGQI、ZHUANXINGQI。“SHISIWU”QIJIANSHIWOGUOTUIJINLVSEFAZHANDEGUANJIANJIEDUAN,GENGXUYAOSHENHUASHEHUIGEJIEDUIFAZHANXUNHUANJINGJIZHONGYAOZHANLVEDIWEIDERENSHI,TUIDONGXINGCHENGSHEHUIGONGSHI,BAFAZHANXUNHUANJINGJIZHUDONGRONGRUGUOJIAFAZHANZHANLVE,TUIGUANGXUNHUANJINGJILINIAN,JIAKUAIGOUJIANQUYUZIYUANXUNHUANTIXI,BAFAZHANXUNHUANJINGJIZUOWEITUIDONGGUOMINJINGJILVSEHUADEZHONGYAOTUJING,JIASUXUNHUANJINGJIDEFAZHIHUA、ZHIDUHUA、JIZHIHUAHECHANYEHUAJINCHENG,JIAKUAISHIXIANJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANDELVSEZHUANXING。

FAZHANXUNHUANJINGJISHIBAOZHANGGUOJIAZIYUANANQUANDEZHONGYAOTUJING。ZIYUANANQUANSHIZONGTIGUOJIAANQUANGUANDEZHONGYAONEIRONG。ZHANGQIYILAI,WOGUOSHIYOU、TIANRANQI、BUFENZHANLVEKUANGCHANZIYUANDEDUIWAIYICUNDUDOUPIANGAO,2020NIANSHIYOU、TIANRANQIDUIWAIYICUNDUDADAO73%HE43%。DANGQIANDAGUOBOYIJIAJU,GUOJIZHENGZHIJINGJIXINGSHIGENGQUFUZA,BAOZHANGZIYUANANQUANDEBIYAOXINGHEJIANJUXINGXIANZHUTIGAO。JINNIANYILAI,TIEKUANGSHI、GANGCAI、TONG、LVDENGBUFENDAZONGSHANGPINJIAGECHIXUDAFUSHANGZHANG,HENDUOQIYESHENGCHANHUODONGSHOUDAOYINGXIANG,ZHEILIMIANYOUGUOJICHUANDAOHEXINGYEBODONGYINSU,DANYEFANYINGLEWOGUOYUANSHENGZIYUANDUIWAIYICUNDUGUOGAODEWENTI。FAZHANXUNHUANJINGJI,WANSHANFEIJIUWUZIHUISHOULIYONGTIXI,KEYOUXIAOHUISHOULIYONGWOGUODEFEIQIWUZIYUAN,XIANGDANGYUKAIQILE“DIERKUANGSHAN”,KEYIDAFUJIANSHAODUIYUANSHENGKUANGZIYUANDEYILAI,WANSHANGUONEIGONGYINGLIANGOUJIAN,ZENGQIANGHUAYUQUAN,WEIWOGUOCHANGTONGGUONEIXUNHUAN、BAOZHANGCHANYEYUANCAILIAOZHANLVEZIYUANANQUANFAHUIZHONGYAOZUOYONG。

FAZHANXUNHUANJINGJISHISHIXIANTANDAFENG、TANZHONGHEDEYOULIZHUASHOU。CHUDAFUDIAOZHENGNENGYUANJIEGOUHECHANYEJIEGOUWAI,TANDAFENG、TANZHONGHEMUBIAODESHIXIANHAIBIXUCONGGENBENSHANGGAIBIANCHANPINDESHENGCHANHESHIYONGFANGSHI。JUCESUAN,KEZAISHENGNENGYUANZHUANXINGHENENGXIAOTISHENGZHINENGJIEJUE55%DEWENSHIQITIPAIFANGWENTI,SHENGXIA45%DEWENSHIQITILAIYUANYURENLEIRICHANGSHENGHUOWUPIN,BIRUQICHE、FUZHUANG、SHIWUHEQITACHANPINDESHENGCHANGUOCHENG。FAZHANXUNHUANJINGJIKEYIYOUXIAOJIANSHAOGEJIAZHILIANSHANGDEWENSHIQITIPAIFANG,SHIXIANCAILIAOHECHANPINDEXUNHUANLIYONGYIJIEYUENENGYUAN,BINGTISHENGCHANPINDETANFENGCUNNENGLI。RUZAIGONGYELINGYU,XUNHUANJINGJICUSHISHENGCHANDUANHUISHOULIYONGCHANPINYUANCAILIAO,SUODUANLECHANPINDEJIAGONGHEZHIZAOBUZHOU,JINENGTIGAOZIYUANCHANCHULV,YOUNENGJIANSHAONENGYUANSHIYONGCONGERJIANGDIYUSHENGCHANXIANGGUANDEERYANGHUATANPAIFANG。JUCESUAN,MEIHUISHOULIYONG1DUNFEIJIUWUZI,PINGJUNKEYIJIEYUEKUANGCHANZIYUAN4.12DUN,JIEYUENENGYUAN1.4DUNBIAOZHUNMEI,JIANSHAO6~10DUNFEIQIWUPAIFANG。FAZHANXUNHUANJINGJIJIANGYOUWANGZAI2050NIANJIANSHAOQUANQIUSHUINI、GANGTIE、SULIAOHELVDENGCAILIAOSHENGCHANZHONG40%DEERYANGHUATANPAIFANGLIANG,YUEDENGYU37YIDUN。KEJIAN,FAZHANXUNHUANJINGJIKEYIZHIJIEJIANSHAONENGYUANZIYUANXIAOHAO,SHISHIXIANTANDAFENG、TANZHONGHEMUBIAODEZHONGYAOBAOZHANG。

二、突出重点,清晰描绘“十四五”循环经济发展的路线图

XUNHUANJINGJISHEJIMIANGUANG、TOUXUZHONGDUO,RUHEBAWOGUANJIAN、ZHAOZHUNZHONGDIAN,CONGERYIDIANDAIMIANXINGCHENGTUPO,SHIFENKAOYANZHENGFUZHENGCESHEJIDENENGLI。《GUIHUA》TONGGUOBUSHUSANFANGMIANZHONGDIANRENWU、WUXIANGZHONGDIANGONGCHENG、LIUXIANGZHONGDAXINGDONG,QINGXIMIAOHUILE“SHISIWU”XUNHUANJINGJIFAZHANDELUXIANTU,JUYOUHENQIANGDEZHENDUIXINGHEKECAOZUOXING。

YISHIZHEYANYUCHANYE、SHEHUISHENGHUO、NONGYESANDAZHONGDIANLINGYU,TICHUGOUJIANXIANDAIHUAXUNHUANXINGCHANYETIXI、GOUJIANFEIJIUWUZIXUNHUANLIYONGTIXI、SHENHUANONGYEXUNHUANJINGJIFAZHANSANFANGMIANZHONGDIANRENWU,BINGDUIMEIXIANGZHONGDIANRENWUJINXINGLEFENLEICHANSHU,RUGOUJIANXIANDAIHUAXUNHUANXINGCHANYETIXIBAOKUOTUIXINGZHONGDIANCHANPINLVSESHEJI、QIANGHUAZHONGDIANXINGYEQINGJIESHENGCHAN、TUIJINYUANQUXUNHUANHUAFAZHAN、JIAQIANGZIYUANZONGHELIYONG、YOUXUTUIJINCHENGSHIFEIQIWUXIEDIAOCHUZHIDENGWUXIANGGONGZUO,DUICHANYETIXISHEJIDEQUANLIUCHENGHEGELEIZHUTIDOUJINXINGLEYOUZHENDUIXINGDEANPAI。

ERSHIYICHENGSHIFEIJIUWUZIXUNHUANLIYONGTIXI、YUANQUXUNHUANHUAGAIZAO、DAZONGGUFEIZONGHELIYONG、JIANZHULAJIZIYUANHUALIYONG、XUNHUANJINGJIGUANJIANJISHUYUZHUANGBEICHUANGXINDENGWEIZHONGDIAN,BUJUYIPIZHONGDIANGONGCHENG,TONGSHIMINGQUELEJUTIDEGONGCHENGMUBIAOHESHISHILUJING,YOULIYUZAI“SHISIWU”QIJIANXINGCHENGYIPICHENGGUOXIANZHU、DAIDONGXINGQIANGDEXUNHUANJINGJISHIFANGONGCHENG。

SANSHIBUJULEZAIZHIZAOCHANYEGAOZHILIANGFAZHANXINGDONG、FEIQIDIANQIDIANZICHANPINHUISHOULIYONGTIZHIXINGDONG、QICHEQUANSHENGMINGZHOUQIGUANLITUIJINXINGDONG、SULIAOWURANQUANLIANTIAOZHILIZHUANXIANGXINGDONG、KUAIDIBAOZHUANGWULVSEZHUANXINGTUIJINXINGDONG、FEIJIUDONGLIDIANCHIXUNHUANLIYONGXINGDONGDENGLIUDAXINGDONG。ZHEILIUDAXINGDONGSHEJIQIANJIAWANHU,SHIRENMINQUNZHONGGUANXINDEZHONGDIANLINGYU,YESHIQIANQIMAODUNBIJIAOTUCHUDELINGYU,ZAI“SHISIWU”QIJIANBIXUYAOMOUHUAHAO、LUOSHIHAO、XINGDONGHAO。

三、坚持问题导向,着力解决痛点难点问题

《GUIHUA》BINGCHIWENTIDAOXIANG,JUJIAOJIDAIJIEJUEDEZHONGDIANNANDIANWENTIHEXIFENLINGYU,YOUZHENDUIXINGDETICHULEYINGDUIJUCUO。RUJIEHEDANGQIANWOGUOCHENGSHIQUEFAXITONGYOUXIAODEZAISHENGZIYUANHUISHOUTIXI,ZAISHENGZIYUANXUNHUANLIYONGCHANYEJIJUDUDI,ZAISHENGZIYUANHUISHOULIYONGLVDI、ZAISHENGZIYUANHUISHOUCHELIANGDELUQUANWENTIDENGXINGYETONGDIAN,《GUIHUA》TICHUJIANLICHENGSHIFEIQIWUXUNHUANLIYONGTIXIJIANSHE,ZHIZAITUIDONGGECHENGSHIQUANMIANJIANLIHUANJIEWANZHENG、YUNXINGGAOXIAO、LVSEXUNHUANDECHENGSHIFEIJIUWUZIXUNHUANLIYONGTIXI。YOURU,JIEHESHOUJIDENGXINXINGDIANZICHANPINKUAISUPUJI、DALIANGDIEDAI、DALIANGFEIQI,HUISHOUHUANJIERENGCUNZAIJIAOTOUBUGUIFAN、LIUXIANGBUKEKONGDENGWENTI,TUIJINFEIQIDIANQIDIANZICHANPINHUISHOULIYONGTIZHIXINGDONG,CUJINHUANGJIN、BA、BODENGJUYOUZHANLVEJIAZHIDEXIGUIJINSHUGUIMOHUA、GUIFANHUACHAIJIECHULI。

KAIJUGUANXIQUANJU,QIBUJUEDINGHOUSHI。《GUIHUA》DEYINFAWEI“SHISIWU”XUNHUANJINGJIDEFAZHANKAILEYIGEHAOTOU。ZUOWEIZHANGQIFENZHANZAIXUNHUANJINGJIFAZHANYIXIANDEZIXUNJIGOU,WOMENJIANGYI《GUIHUA》WEIZHINAN,JINYIBUFAHUIXUNHUANJINGJILINGYUDEZHUANYETEZHANG,JIJIWEIGUOJIAHEDIFANGDEXUNHUANJINGJIFAZHANJIANYANXIANCE,WEIZAORISHIXIANTANDAFENGTANZHONGHEMUBIAO、JIANCHENGMEILIZHONGGUOGONGXIANLILIANG。

注:原文载自国家发展改革委微信客户端,文中图片来源于网络。




 
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