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张英健 | 破解难点堵点 以需求定供给促进海水淡化高质量发展
发布日期:2021-06-17 信息来源:中咨研究 访问次数: 字号:[ ]

破解难点堵点 以需求定供给  促进海水淡化高质量发展

——《海水淡化利用发展行动计划(2021—2025年)》政策解读

HAISHUIDANHUALIYONGSHIWOGUOYANHAIDIQU、LIANHAIDAOHUANJIESHUIZIYUANGONGXUMAODUN、YOUHUAGONGSHUIJIEGOU、QIANGHUAKAIYUANBUYUANDEZHONGYAOCUOSHI,DANMUQIANHAICUNZAIJINRUWANGKUNNAN、JISHUZHIHOU、JILIZHENGCEBUPIPEIDENGWENTI,ZHIYUELEHAISHUIDANHUALIYONGFAZHAN。WEIJIEJUESHANGSHUWENTI,GUOJIAFAZHANGAIGEWEI、ZIRANZIYUANBULIANHEYINFALE《HAISHUIDANHUALIYONGFAZHANXINGDONGJIHUA(2021—2025NIAN)》((FAGAIHUANZI〔2021〕711HAO,YIXIAJIANCHENG《XINGDONGJIHUA》)。

《XINGDONGJIHUA》YIHAISHUIDANHUACHANYEGAOZHILIANGFAZHANXUQIUWEIDAOXIANG,YIBAOZHANGYANHAIQUESHUIDIQUSHENGHUOSHENGCHANYONGSHUIANQUANWEIMUBIAO,JIQIANGHUALEDINGCENGSHEJI,YOUMINGQUELEZHONGDIANGONGCHENG,DUIYUTUIJINHAISHUIDANHUACHANYEKECHIXUFAZHAN、HUANJIEWOGUOSHUIZIYUANGONGXUMAODUN、CUJINYANHAIDIQUJINGJISHEHUIGAOZHILIANGFAZHANJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。

一、统筹协调,强化统一配置能力

HAISHUIDANHUASHUISHIYANHAIDIQUDEZHONGYAOSHUIYUANZHIYI,YINGJIEHEGEDIQUFAZHANXUQIUHESHUIZIYUANBINGFUJINXINGTONGYIGUIHUAHEBUJU,YOUHUASHUIZIYUANGONGYINGJIEGOU。《XINGDONGJIHUA》TICHU,JIANGHAISHUIDANHUASHUINARUQUYUSHUIZIYUANGUIHUAHESHUIZIYUANTONGYIPEIZHI,SHIBUTONGDIQUZAITIGAOSHUIZIYUANZHONGHAISHUIDANHUASHUIDEPEIZHIBILIFANGMIANDOUYOU“JING”KEXUN。ZHENDUIYANHAIQUESHUIDIQU,YAOJIANGHAISHUIDANHUASHUIZUOWEISHENGHUOBUCHONGSHUIYUAN、SHIZHENGXINZENGGONGSHUIJIZHONGYAOYINGJIBEIYONGSHUIYUAN,QIESHINARUHESHUIZIYUANTONGYIPEIZHI,BAOZHANGYANHAIDIQUSHENGCHANSHENGHUOSHENGTAIYONGSHUI。ZHENDUIFEIYANHAIDIQU,《XINGDONGJIHUA》YEGULITANSUOSHISHIHAISHUIDANHUASHUIXIANGFEIYANHAIDIQUSHUPEI,YOUHUAGONGSHUIJIEGOU,YOUXIAOYAJIANDIXIASHUIKAICAILIANG,CUJINQUYUGONGSHUIANQUANHESHENGTAIANQUAN。

二、明确主体,分级分类试点示范

《XINGDONGJIHUA》ZHENDUIBUTONGZHUTIDETEDIANHEXUQIU,FENJIFENLEITICHUXINGDONGRENWUHESHIDIANSHIFANGONGCHENG。YISHIYANHAIDIQUHAISHUIDANHUASHIFANGONGCHENG——TUIDONGLIAONING、TIANJINDENGYANHAIQUESHUIDIQUJIANSHEDAXINGHAISHUIDANHUAGONGCHENG,ZUOHAOCHANGWANGYITIHUAHEPEITAOSHESHIJIANSHE,YIFAQIANGHUAZHONGDIANXIANGMUDEYONGDIYONGHAI、PEITAOSHESHIDENGBAOZHANG;ERSHIGONGYEYUANQUHAISHUIDANHUALIYONGGONGCHENGSHIFAN——GULIYANHAIGONGYEYUANQUJIHUODIAN、HEDIAN、SHIYOUDENGGAOHAOSHUICHANYEXIANGMUPEITAOZIJIANHUODISANFANGTOUJIANHAISHUIDANHUASHESHI,PUJITUIGUANGHAISHUIXUNHUANLENGQUEJISHUYINGYONG,TIGAOHAISHUIZIYUANLIYONGXIAOLV,TUIDONGJIANSHE5—10GEHAISHUIDANHUALIYONGSHIFANGONGYEYUANQU;SANSHIHAIDAOHAISHUIDANHUASHIFANGONGCHENG——ZAILIAONING、SHANDONGDENGDIQULIANHAIDAOBUJUJIANSHEYIPIHAIDAOHAISHUIDANHUAGONGCHENGHEPEITAOKUANGHUAHOUCHULIGONGCHENG,GULISHIFANLIYONGHAIYANGNENG、FENGNENG、TAIYANGNENGDENGKEZAISHENGNENGYUANYONGYUHAISHUIDANHUA,BAOZHANGHAIDAOSHENGCHANSHENGHUOYONGSHUIXUQIU;SISHIGULIYUANYANGYUCHUAN、HAIYANGPINGTAIJIAZHUANGYIWEIHUHAISHUIDANHUAZHUANGZHI,TISHENGCHIXUSHENGCHANZUOYENENGLI。WUSHIQIANGDIAOKAIZHANJICHENGSHIFAN,TUIDONGJIANSHE4—6GEHAISHUIDANHUASHIFANCHENGSHI,JIANSHERUOGAN10—30WANDUN/RIHAISHUIDANHUASHIFANGONGCHENG,XINGCHENGDIANXINGMOSHITUIGUANGYINGYONG。JUJIAOZHEIXIESHISHIQUYUHEZHUTI,CAINENGGENGKUAIDETISHENGCHANYEHUASHUIPING,GOUJIANWANSHANDEZHENGCEBIAOZHUNTIXI,ZHUBUXINGCHENGJUYOUGUOJIJINGZHENGLIDEHAISHUIDANHUAGUIMOHUALIYONGNENGLI。

三、存量提质,充分挖潜现有能力

《XINGDONGJIHUA》ZAIGUIHUAWEILAI5NIANHAISHUIDANHUALIYONGCHANYEFAZHANZHONGDIANSHANG,GAODUZHONGSHIXIANYOUCUNLIANGCHANNENGDEFAHUIHEWAQIAN。WOGUOHAISHUIDANHUAGONGCHENGGUANGFANFENBUYUWOGUOYANHAIDIQUHELIANHAIDAO,DANHUAZONGNENGLIYUE165WANLIFANGMI/RI,YIJUBEIJIAOHAODEJICHU。DANCIQIANYOUYUQUEFATONGCHOUGUIHUAHEBUJU,BUFENDIQUCUNZAIHAISHUIDANHUAXIANGMUJIYONGJIJIAN,ZHONGFUJIANSHEDENGWENTI,《XINGDONGJIHUA》ZHENDUICILEIWENTI,YOUZHENDUIXINGDETICHUJUBEITIAOJIANDIQU,YAOCHONGFENLIYONGHAOYIJIANHAISHUIDANHUAGONGCHENGCHANNENG,BIMIANXIANYOUCHANNENGKONGZHI,XINJIANCHANNENGLANGFEIDENGXIANXIANG。

WOGUOHAISHUIDANHUALIJINGJIN30NIANDEFAZHANLICHENG,BUFENHAISHUIDANHUASHESHIYOUYUJIANSHESHIJIANZAO、YUNXINGXITONGLUOHOU,CUNZAINENGHAOGAO、YUNXINGZHUANGKUANGBULIANG、DANHUAHOUHAISHUIDEWENDINGXINGANQUANXINGNANYIBAOZHANGDENGWENTI,《XINGDONGJIHUA》ZHONGZHUANMENTICHUDUINENGHAOWUHAOJIAOGAO、YUNXINGZHUANGKUANGQIANJIADEXIANYOUHAISHUIDANHUASHESHIJINXINGSHENGJIGAIZAO。JIANYIGEDIYAOJIAQIANGDUIXIANYOUHAISHUIDANHUACHANNENGDEQIANLIWAJUEHELIYONG,MOQINGDISHU,TISHENGSHESHIYUNXINGSHUIPING。

四、增量建设,需求引导供给培育

ZAIHAISHUIDANHUAZENGLIANGCHANNENGFANGMIAN,WOMENRENWEIYINGANZHAO“YIXUDINGZHI,YIXUDINGGONG,ANXUFENPEI”DEYUANZEGUIHUAJIANSHE,YAOZHONGDIANJIEJUEGONGYONGSHUIYITIHUAWENTI,QUEBAODANHUAHAISHUIYOUYONGTU、YOUYONGHU,ZHENZHENGCHENGWEIYANHAIDIQUCHUANTONGSHUIZIYUANDEYOUXIAOBUCHONG。《XINGDONGJIHUA》TICHUYANHAIDIQUYAOZONGHEKAOLVCHANYEZHENGCE、BENDIDANSHUIZIYUANTIAOJIANHEHAISHUILIYONGNENGLIHELIGUIHUAGONGYEYUANQUJIANSHEHEGAOHAOSHUICHANYEJIJU,ZHIDINGHAISHUIDANHUAJIHAISHUIZHIJIELIYONGNIANDUGONGZUOJIHUA。DUIYUYANHAIQUESHUIDIQUJUBEITIAOJIANDANWEICHONGFENLIYONGHAISHUIDANHUASHUIDEGAOHAOSHUIXIANGMUHEGONGYEYUANQU,YAOYIFAYANKONGQIXINZENGQUSHUIXUKE,BINGGULIYOUXIANLIYONGHAISHUI,JIUSHICONGQIANGHUAYONGSHUIZONGLIANGKONGZHIHEXUQIUDAOXIANGJIAODU,TUIJINGONGYEYUANQUJIJILIYONGHAISHUIDANHUASHUI;YIGONGYEWEIZHUHAIDAOHEYILVYOUWEIZHUHAIDAOCUNZAIYONGSHUIXUQIUDUANQINEITUZENGHEYONGSHUIFENGGUCHAJIAODADENGQINGKUANG,JIEHESHIJIXUQIU,《XINGDONGJIHUA》TICHUYAOSHIDUCHAOQIANBUJUJIANSHEHAIDAOHAISHUIDANHUASHESHI;ZHENDUIHAIDAOMIANJIHERENKOUJUZHUQINGKUANG,YONGSHUIXUQIUXUANSHU,《XINGDONGJIHUA》TICHUMIANJIJIAODA、HAIYANGJINGJIFAZHANJIAOKUAIDEYOUJUMINHAIDAOYOUXIANJIANSHEGUIMOBUXIAOYU1000DUN/RIDEHAISHUIDANHUAGONGCHENG,MANZUSHENGCHANSHENGHUOSHENGTAIYONGSHUIXUQIU;GULIZAIMIANJIJIAOXIAO、RENKOUXISHAODEYOUJUMINHAIDAOHEYIFAKAIFALIYONGDEWUJUMINHAIDAO,ZHUBUTUIDONGJIANSHEGUIMOXIAOYU1000DUN/RIDEHAISHUIDANHUAZHUANGZHI。ZONGTISHANGLAIKAN,《XINGDONGJIHUA》ZAIZENGLIANGCHANNENGDAOXIANGSHANG,ZHEZHONGQIANGDIAOYIXUQIUDAOXIANGWEIZHUYAOCHUFADIAN,YINDIZHIYI、FENLEITUIJINHAISHUIDANHUAGONGCHENGXINJIANRENWU。

五、强化保障,构建系统“软实力”

TUIJINHAISHUIDANHUALIYONGZHONGZAILUOSHI,NANZAILUOSHI。ZHENDUIQIANGHUAJISHUCHUANGXINHECHANYEHUASHUIPING、JIANQUANBIAOZHUNJIANGUAN、QUEBAOZIJINZHICHI、JIAQIANGZUZHIXIEDIAO、CUJINGUOJIHEZUOWUDACENGMIAN,《XINGDONGJIHUA》TICHUYAOXITONGTUIDONG、QUANFANGWEILUOSHIWUFANGMIANCUOSHI,ZHUBUTISHENGHAISHUIDANHUALIYONGDEZONGHESHILI,JINERQIANGHUA《XINGDONGJIHUA》DEWUSHITUIJIN。《XINGDONGJIHUA》TICHUYAOCHONGFENFAHUIJISHUCHUANGXINZHONGXIN、CHANYEJIQUNHECHANYELIANMENGDEZUOYONG,JIANGHAISHUIDANHUAGUANJIANHEXINJISHUYANFANARUGUOJIAKEJICHUANGXINFAZHANGUIHUA,ZUOHAOHAISHUIDANHUACHANYEBULIAN、QIANGLIAN、YANLIANGONGZUO,JIANQUANZHENGCHANXUEYANSHANGYONGXIEZUOJIZHI,CONGQIANGHUAHEXINJISHUYANFA、WANSHANCHANYEGONGYINGLIANTIAO、TISHENGFUWUNENGLISANFANGMIANCUJINHAISHUIDANHUACHANYEGAOZHILIANGFAZHAN。YAOCHONGFENFAHUIZHENGCEBIAOZHUNTIXIDEZUOYONG,SHISHIZHIDINGNONGYANSHUIPAIFANGGUOJIA、DIFANGHEQIYESANJIJIANGUANBIAOZHUN、HAISHUIDANHUASHUIRUWANGJIANGUANBIAOZHUN、HAISHUIDANHUANENGHAOHECHANPINZHILIANGKONGZHIJIANGUANBIAOZHUN、HAISHUIDANHUAYONGGONGCHENGZHUANGBEIJIHEXINJISHUCHANPINTUANTIBIAOZHUNDENGYIXILIEBIAOZHUN,GOUJIANZHICHENGZHENGCEFAGUISHISHIDESHUJUBIAOZHUNTIXI,TUIDONGHAISHUIDANHUACHANYEXINGCHENGKEFUZHI、KETUIGUANGDEBIAOZHUNHUAFAZHANMOSHI。YAOCHONGFENFAHUIZHENGFUCAIZHENGBUTIEHESHEHUIZIBENDEZUOYONG,GULICAIYONGZHENGFUGOUMAIFUWUHUOBUTIEDENGFANGSHITUIDONGHAISHUIDANHUASHUIYONGYUCHENGSHIGONGGONGSHIZHENGGONGSHUI,GULISHEHUIZIBENYIDUOYUANHUAFANGSHIJIJICANYU,ZHONGYANGHEDIFANGZIJINDUIHAISHUIDANHUACHANYEFAZHANYUYISHIDANGZHICHI。YAOCHONGFENFAHUIHAISHUIDANHUACHANYEFAZHANBUJIXIEDIAOJIZHIZUOYONG,JIAQIANGZONGHEXIEDIAO,JIEJUEZHONGDAWENTI,XINGCHENGGONGZUOHELI,YOUXIAOTUIJINSHISHI。YAOCHONGFENFAHUIGUOJIHEZUOJIZHIDEZUOYONG,KAIZHANDUOYUANHUAHEZUOHEDUOCENGCIRENCAIJIAOLIUPEIYANG,TUIDONGWOQIYEJISHUSHEBEIBIAOZHUN“ZOUCHUQU”,DAZAOGUOJIHEZUOJINGZHENGXINYOUSHI。

《XINGDONGJIHUA》SHIDUI《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOGUOMINJINGJIHESHEHUIFAZHANDISHISIGEWUNIANGUIHUAHE2035NIANYUANJINGMUBIAOGANGYAO》(DIANJILIANJIE,YUEDUYUANWEN)ZHONGTUIJINHAISHUIDANHUAGUIMOHUALIYONGYAOQIUDEJUTILUOSHI,YESHIXINSHIQIYINDAOXIANGGUANDIQUKAIZHANHAISHUIDANHUAGONGZUODEZHONGYAOWENJIAN。XIAYIBUJIANYIYAOYI《XINGDONGJIHUA》WEIYINLING,YIWAQIANCUNLIANGNENGLIWEIJICHU,YIJIANSHEZENGLIANGCHANNENGWEIZHONGDIAN,YIGOUJIANXITONGRUANSHILIWEIQUDONG,YITUIJINSHIFANSHIDIANWEIZHUASHOU,ZHUBUTISHENGHAISHUIDANHUACHANYELIANGONGYINGLIANSHUIPING,TUIDONGSHUIZIYUANDUOYUANGAOXIAOLIYONG,CUJINWOGUOYANHAIQUYUJINGJISHEHUISHIXIANGAOZHILIANGFAZHAN。

注:原文载自国家发展改革委微信客户端。




 
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