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智库建议

索明亮 朱军 杨永平 | 关于交通一体化引导国土空间开发的思考
发布日期:2021-04-30 作者:索明亮 朱军 杨永平 信息来源:中咨智库 访问次数: 字号:[ ]

DANGDESHIJIUJIEWUZHONGQUANHUITICHU,YAOJIAKUAIJIANSHEJIAOTONGQIANGGUO,WANSHANZONGHEYUNSHUDATONGDAO、ZONGHEJIAOTONGSHUNIUHEWULIUWANGLUO,JIAKUAICHENGSHIQUNHEDOUSHIQUANGUIDAOJIAOTONGWANGLUOHUA。GOUJIANGUOTUKONGJIANKAIFABAOHUXINGEJU,TUIDONGQUYUXIEDIAOFAZHAN。ZHEIXIEJIANYIDUIGUOTUKONGJIANKAIFAHEJIAOTONGYITIHUAGAOZHILIANGFAZHANTICHULEXINYAOQIU,WEIGAOBIAOZHUNTUIJINZONGHEJIAOTONGDAOXIANGXINGTUDIZONGHEKAIFAHETUDIYUKONGJIANFUHELIYONGZHIMINGLEFANGXIANG。

一 交通对国土空间开发具有基础性和引导性作用

“SHISANWU”QIJIAN,WOGUOJIAOTONGYUNSHUSHIYEQUDELEJUDACHENGJI,XIANDAIHUAZONGHEJIAOTONGYUNSHUTIXIJIANSHEFAZHANXUNSU,GAOSUTIELU、GAOSUGONGLU、KONGZHONGHANGXIAN、YOUQIGUANDAOWANGLUOSITONGBADA,HAILUKONGLITIJIAOTONGGAOXIAOYUNZHUAN,JIAOTONGJISHUCHUANGXINNENGLIBUDUANZENGQIANGTUIDONGLEYUNSHUSUDUHEZHILIANGTISHENG,ZAITUIJIN“YIDAIYILU”JIANSHE、ZHICHENGJINGJINJIXIETONGFAZHAN、ZHICHIZHANGJIANGJINGJIDAIJIANSHE、QIANGHUAJIAOTONGTUOPINGONGJIAN、YINLINGXINXINGCHENGZHENHUADENGGUOJIAZHONGDAZHANLVEFANGMIANFAHUILEZHONGYAOZHICHENGZUOYONG。

“SHISIWU”QIJIAN,ZAISHISHIGUOJIAZHONGDAZHANLVEHEQUYUXIEDIAOFAZHANJIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHONG,JIAOTONGJICHUXING、YINDAOXINGZUOYONGJIANGHUIGENGJIATUCHU。XINSHIDAIDANGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANJUECEJIANSHECHUANZANGTIELU,ZHEYANYUWEIHUGUOJIATONGYI、CUJINMINZUTUANJIE、GONGGUBIANJIANGWENDING,DUITUIDONGXIBUDIQUTEBIESHICHUANZANGLIANGSHENGQUJINGJISHEHUIFAZHAN,JUYOUSHIFENZHONGYAOYIYI,GENGJIASHUOMINGLEJIAOTONGZAIGUOTUKONGJIANKAIFABAOHUZHONGDEDIWEIHEZUOYONGFEICHANGZHONGYAO。JIAOTONGYITIHUAFAZHANWEIRENMINDUIMEIHAOSHENGHUODEXIANGWANGCHUANGZAOLELIANGHAOTIAOJIAN,YOULIDEZHICHENGLESHEHUIJINGJIFAZHAN。

二 以快速交通引导大城市健康稳定发展

DANGQIAN,TEDACHENGSHIKUOZHANGGUOCHENGZHONG“TANDABING”XIANXIANGYIRANCUNZAI,ZAOCHENGZHONGXINCHENGSHIZIYUANPEIZHIGUODUJIZHONG,JIAOTONGYONGDU、HUANJINGEHUA,CHENGSHIBINGRIQUYANZHONG,SHUJIEZHONGXINCHENGSHIGONGNENG,HELIKONGZHITEDACHENGSHIGUIMOCHENGWEIWOGUOCHENGZHENHUAFAZHANDEZHONGDAKETI。DANGZHONGYANGGUANYU“SHISIWU”GUIHUA《JIANYI》ZHONG,TICHUTONGCHOUCHENGSHIGUIHUA、JIANSHE、GUANLI,HELIQUEDINGCHENGSHIGUIMO、RENKOUMIDU、KONGJIANJIEGOU,CUJINDAZHONGXIAOCHENGSHIHEXIAOCHENGZHENXIEDIAOFAZHAN。ZHEIJIUBIRANDAPOYIWANGDACHENGSHIMANYANKUOZHANDE“TANDABING”FAZHANMOSHI。DANGZHONGYANGGUANYUSHUJIEBEIJINGFEISHOUDOUGONGNENG,JIANSHEXIONGANXINQUDEJUECE,JIUSHIWEILAICHENGSHIFAZHANXINMOSHIDETIXIAN。

WEILAICHENGSHIFAZHANXINMOSHI,JIAOTONGJIANGQIDAOGUANJIANXINGZUOYONG。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZAIJINGJINJIXIEDIAOFAZHANZHONGYAOJIANGHUAZHONGZHICHU,YAOZHELIGOUJIANXIANDAIHUAJIAOTONGWANGLUOXITONG,BAJIAOTONGYITIHUAZUOWEIXIANXINGLINGYU,JIAKUAIGOUJIANKUAISU、BIANJIE、GAOXIAO、ANQUAN、DARONGLIANG、DICHENGBENDEHULIANHUTONGZONGHEJIAOTONGWANGLUO。

YINCI,TEDACHENGSHIJIANKANGFAZHANDEZHONGYAOZHUASHOUJIUSHIYAOJIANLIKUAISUZONGHEJIAOTONGTIXI,YIYINDAOCHENGSHIGUOTUKONGJIANBUJUYOUHUADIAOZHENG。WEILAIJIAOTONGDEFAZHAN,BUJINYAOGOUJIANKUAISUTONGDAO,HELILIYONGDISHANG、DIXIAKONGJIAN,ERQIEYAOZHEYANYUZHIHUIJIAOTONGFAZHAN,JIYUXIANYOUJIAOTONGYUNSHUFANGSHI,ZAIWOGUOJINGJIFADA、RENKOUMIDUGAO、CHENGSHIQUNJIJUDEDIQU,KESHISHITANSUOFAZHANGAOSUCIXUANFU、DIYAZHENKONGGUANDAODENGJIAOTONGFANGSHI,KEJINYIBUTIANBUGAOTIEYUHANGKONGKEYUNZHIJIANDEFUWUKONGBAI。RUSHANGHAIGAOSUCIFUSHIFANXIANSHISHIJIEDIYITIAOSHANGYEYUNYINGDEGAOJIACIFUXIANLU,ZUIGAOYUNYINGSUDUDADAOSHISU430GONGLI。2015NIAN,RIBENDONGJING-MINGGUWU-DABANDEGAOSUCIXUANFUZHONGYANGXINGANXIANKAIGONGJIANSHE,SHEJIZUIGAOYUNYINGSUDUDADAOSHISU505GONGLI。“SHISANWU”QIJIAN,GUOJIAZHONGDIANJIHUAZHUANXIANGYANFADESHISU600GONGLIDECIFUYANGCHEYIYU2019NIAN5YUEZAIQINGDAOXIAXIAN。ZHONGGUOHANGTIANKEGONGJITUANQIANTOUYANFADEZHENKONGGUANDAO“CHAOJIGAOTIE”XIANGMU,JIANGSHIXIAN1000GONGLIYISHANGSHISU。

三 构建与国土空间开发相适应的交通体系

WOGUOFUYUANLIAOKUO,DILIQUWEI、ZIRANHUANJINGYINSUCHAYIJIAODA,DONGBUYUXIBU、YANHAIYUNEIDI,JINGJISHEHUIFAZHANKEGUANCUNZAIBUPINGHENGZHUANGKUANG。DONGBUYANHAIDIQUCHENGSHIGAODUJIZHONG,CHENGSHIQUNLIANMIANFAZHAN,RENKOUMIDUDA,JINGJIZUIWEIFADA。CHENGSHIQUNZHIJIAN、CHENGSHIQUNNEIBU、CHENGSHINEIBUJIAOTONGXUQIUSHIFENWANGSHENG。ZHONGBUDIQURENKOUZONGLIANGDA,JUYOUJIAODADEFAZHANYOUSHI。XIBUDIQUDIGUANGRENXI,JIAOTONGSHESHIDESUDU、MIDUJIAODONGBUCUNZAIMINGXIANCHAYI。YINCI,JIAOTONGYITIHUADEFAZHANYAOJIEHEDONG、ZHONG、XIBUQUYUGEZITEDIAN,BUDUANBAN、DUANZHANGBAN。

TONGSHIYINGDANGKANDAO,WEILAICHENGSHIQUN、DOUSHIQUANSHIWOGUOJINGJIGAOZHILIANGFAZHANDEYINQINGHEHEXIN,GUOJIASHISHIJINGJINJI、ZHANGSANJIAO、YUEGANGAODAWANQU、CHENGYUDIQUSHUANGCHENGJINGJIQUANZHONGDAZHANLVE,FUYUCHENGSHIQUNJIDOUSHIQUANZAIXINJINGJIGEJUXIAFAHUIGENGDADEYINLINGDAIDONGZUOYONG。JINHOU,CHENGSHIQUNDIQUYINGGAIZHONGDIANFAZHANYOUGAOSUTIELU、CHENGJITIELU、SHIYU(JIAO)TIELU、CHENGSHIGUIDAOJIAOTONGDENGZUCHENGDEGONGNENGWANSHANDEDUOCENGCIGUIDAOJIAOTONGXITONG,XINGCHENGCHENGSHIQUNZHUYAOFAZHANZHOUDAI,YINDAOCHENGSHIQUNDIQULIANDONGFAZHAN,TUIDONGKAIFANGXING、DUOZHONGXINDEQUYUKONGJIANTIXIXINGCHENG,GOUJIANCHENGSHIQUNXIEDIAOFAZHANXINMOSHI、XINGEJU。

MIANXIANGWEILAI,JIAOTONGXITONGZISHENGENGXUYAOJIAKUAICUJINYITIHUAFAZHAN,ERZONGHEJIAOTONGSHUNIUSHIJIAOTONGYITIHUAFAZHANDEZHONGYAONIUDAI。GOUJIANCENGCIFENMING、FENGONGHELI、XIANJIEGAOXIAODEZONGHEJIAOTONGSHUNIU,SHIXIANGEZHONGJIAOTONGFANGSHIYOUJIXIANJIE,KEYIGENGHAODITISHENGJIAOTONGYUNSHUDEXIAOLV,JINYIBUTISHENGJIAOTONGYUNSHUBIANJIEXING,ZHENGTITISHENGJIAOTONGYUNSHUFUWUZHILIANG。JIEHESHUNIUJIANSHE,JINYIBUFENGFUTODLINIANNEIHAN,XINGCHENG“ZHANCHENGYITI”“CHANCHENGRONGHE”DECHENGSHIZONGHETI,TUIDONGJIAOTONGSHUNIUYUCHENGSHISHENGCHAN、SHENGHUO、SHENGTAIKONGJIANDERONGHEXIEDIAOYOUXUFAZHAN。

四 建立大数据支撑的智慧交通体系

YIWULIANWANG、DASHUJU、QUKUAILIAN、RENGONGZHINENG、5GDENGWEIYINLINGDEXINYIDAIKEJIGEMINGHECHANYEGEMINGZHENGZAIPENGBOFAZHAN,BINGYUJIAOTONGCHANYEXIANGRONGHE,ZIDONGJIASHI、ZHIHUIGONGLU、CHELUXIETONG、GONGXIANGJIAOTONGDENGXINJISHU、XINYETAI、XINCHANYE、XINMOSHIBUDUANYONGXIAN,WEIXINSHIQIJIAOTONGGAOZHILIANGFAZHANDAILAIJIYUYUTIAOZHAN。XINJISHUGEMINGCUJINJIAOTONGYUNSHUTIXIAONENG、KUOGONGNENG、ZENGDONGNENG,DAILAIJICHUSHESHISHUZIHUAZHUANXING、GANZHIHECHUANSHUWANGLUOHUASHENGJI,JIANGXINGCHENGBIANJIETONGCHANG、JINGJIGAOXIAO、LVSEJIYUE、ZHINENGXIANJIN、ANQUANKEKAODEXINYIDAIZHIHUIHUAJIAOTONGXITONG。

MUQIAN,JIAOTONGDASHUJUDEYINGYONGHAIBUGOUCHONGFEN,HAIQUEFATONGYIDEXINGYEXINGBIAOZHUNHEJISHUGUIFAN,JIAOTONGSHUJUDEHUODEHEGONGXIANGRENGYOUZHANGAI,GAOZHILIANGSHUJUYUANDECAIJIHAIMEIYOUDEDAOYOUXIAOBAOZHENG。JIANLIYIDASHUJUZHICHENGDEZHIHUIJIAOTONGTIXI,JIANYICONGYIXIAJIGEFANGMIANZHESHOU:

YISHIGUANYUZHINENGGAOTIE,SUIZHE5GJIBEIDOUDAOHANGDENGJISHUDEFAZHAN,GAOTIESHUJUDECAIJIYUYINGYONG,WEI5GHEBEIDOUDAOHANGTIGONGLECHANGJING。ZAIGAOTIEYIDONGZHUANGBEI、GUDINGJICHUSHESHIFANGMIANKUODALEYINGYONGFANWEI,SHIXIANLEGAOTIENEIWAIBUHUANJINGJIANXINXIDEQUANMIANGANZHI、HULIANHUTONG、RONGHECHULI。WEILAIWOGUOGAOTIEYAOQUANMIANSHIXIANZHINENGJIANZAO、ZHINENGZHUANGBEI、ZHINENGYUNYINGHEZHINENGGUANLI,GAOTIEYUXINXIJISHU、DASHUJUDENGRONGHEHUIGENGJIAJINMI,GAOTIECHUXINGJIANGHUIGENGJIAJIENENGHUANBAO,ANQUANKEKAO。

ERSHIGUANYUZHIHUICHENGGUI,YAOGUANGFANYINGYONGYUNJISUAN、DASHUJU、RENGONGZHINENG、5GDENGXINXIJISHU,SHIXIANZHIHUIFUWU、ZHINENGDIAODU、ZHIHUIJIANSHE、ZHIHUIYUNWEI、ZHIHUICHELIANGYIJICHENGGUIYUNPINGTAIJIANSHE。MUQIAN,BEIJINGDITIEZAIKAIZHAN《SHOUDOUZHIHUIDITIEDINGCENGSHEJIFANGAN》YANJIU,SHANGHAIDITIETICHULEZHIHUIDITIEJIAGOUJIJIANSHESILU,GUANGZHOUDITIEFABULE《XINSHIDAICHENGSHIGUIDAOJIAOTONGCHUANGXINYUFAZHAN》ZHANLVEGUIHUADENG。

SANSHIGUANYUZHIHUIGONGLU,JICHENGYINGYONGZIDONGHUA、XINXIHUA、SHUZIHUAJISHU,SHENGJIGAOSUGONGLUCHUANTONGXITONG,SHIXIANZIDONGSHOUFEI、CHELUXIETONG、ZHUDONGGUANKONGDENG,TONGSHIJINYIBUKUODASHUZIFUNENG、YEWURONGHE、XITONGXIETONGDENGGONGNENG。DUIYUCHUANTONGCHENGSHIDAOLU,CAIYONGDASHUJUHEXINXIJISHUDIEJIASHOUDUAN,SHIXIANDUIDAOLUJIAOTONGYUNXINGTAISHIZIDONGGANZHIYUBIANBIE,WEICHELUXIETONGTIGONGJICHU。

SISHIGUANYUZHIHUITINGCHE,ZHUYAOBAOKUOLUNEIWAITINGCHEZIYUANGUANLIZHINENGHUA、SHOUFEIGUANLIZHINENGHUAHETINGCHEXINXIFUWUZHINENGHUADENG,DASHUJUDESHIYONGSHICHENGSHITINGCHEGUANLIYUFUWUZHINENGHUADEYOUXIAOSHOUDUAN。MUQIAN,GUONEIDUOGECHENGSHIKAIFALETINGCHEGUANLIPINGTAI、TINGCHEYOUDAOGONGXIANGXITONGHEZHINENGSHOUFEIXITONG,RUSHANGHAIZAIQUANSHI4300DUOGETINGCHECHANGSHIXIANTINGCHEDAOHANG、TINGCHEHUANCHENG、SHUNIUTINGCHE、CUOFENGGONGXIANG、TINGCHEJIAOFEI、TINGCHEYUYUE、TINGCHECHONGDIAN、FUWUGONGGAODENGBADAFUWU,YUNYINGGAOXIAOHUAHEFUWUGONGXIANGHUASHIZHIHUITINGCHEDEBIAOZHI。




 
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